Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Posted by Sun on June 21, 2012
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a cognitive–behavioral model of psychotherapy that helps you accept difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations and get commitment to change is based on chosen values.
Research shows ACT is effective in treatment of variety of problems including addictions, smoking cessation, depression, anxiety, workplace stress, weight management, eating disorders, burn out, and several other areas.
ACT focuses on 3 areas:
Accept your reactions and be present
Choose a valued direction
ACT uses six core principles to help clients develop psychological flexibility.
1. Contact with the present moment: The present moment is the only time anyone can really act and experience happiness. Awareness of the here and now, experienced with openness, interest, and receptiveness can increase our ability to change.
2. Cognitive defusion: Learning methods detach from unhelpful thoughts and worries and memories
3. Acceptance: To deny or control painful thoughts and feelings leads to get all caught up in feelings, or overwhelmed by them. Allow to painful feelings come and go without struggling with them.
4. Observing the self: We are not our thoughts, emotions, behaviors and etc. we can view our identities as separate from the content of our experience
5. Values provide an internal reference for what is good, beneficial, important, useful, beautiful, desirable, constructive, etc. We can change our values. It’s important we choose the values are in harmony with our true self.
6. Committed action: take action guided by your values and do whatever you have to do, even if it’s difficult or uncomfortable.